Make your own free website on Tripod.com

Kalabari Bibi

Pronouns

Home
New Learners
Study List
Latest Entries
Historical Entries
Arithmetics
Please Write!

The Kalabari form (Kf) for Pronoun is given as [Puronawn] and defined in Kalabari below:

Puronawn anịẹ tomi kẹ ẹrẹ dima tẹ kẹ tomb, anịanịa ye sịnar' ẹrẹ.

 

NB: Kalabari Pronouns are better written in capital letters weither at the beginning or middle of a sentence.

 

Types Of Pronouns

1. Personal Pronouns    
2. Possessive Pronouns     
3. Reflexive Pronouns   
4. Demonstrative Pronouns   
5. Relative Pronouns  
6. Indefinite Pronouns
7. Interrogative Pronouns
 
PERSONAL PRONOUNS
When used as Subject
1st person singular  ( I ): Tarị gbọrụb  = Yẹrị  or  A
      e.g  I am a Nigerian  = Yẹrị Naịjiriab      
             I have come back = A pịkịmabo tẹẹ
    
2nd person singular  (you):   Maị krama gbọrụb = Iyẹrị  or  I
                                                                                      
3rd person singular  (he / she):  Trẹị krama gbọrụb > 
                                                       He = Ori  or O      She  = Arị  or  A 
                                                      
1st person plural  (we):  Tarị tọmapụ = Wamịnị  or Wa
 
2nd person plural  (you):  Maị krama tọmapụ  = Omịnị or O
   
3rd person plural  (they) :Trẹị krama tọmapụ = Ini or In
 
 
When used as Object
1st person singular (me): Tarị gbọrụb =  I     [falling tone]
                                     e.g Give me that spoon = Anị ngajị mẹ kẹ I p'rị
    
2nd person singular (you) :  Maị krama gbọrụb = I  [rising tone]
   
3rd person singular (him, her): Trẹị krama gbọrụb >
                                                    Him =      Her  = A
                                                    e.g  Take it to him = Anị kẹ mu O  p'rị      
                                                     Go and tell her = Mu duko A p'rị
1st person plural (us): Tarị tọmapụ  = Wa
   
2nd person plural (you):  Maị krama tọmapụ  = O [ rising tone]
   
3rd person plural (them): Trẹị krama tọmapụ =  In   
                                           e.g Go and pray for them = Mu tẹkẹ In p'rị
                   
 
 
POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
When used as Subject
1st person singular (my) :  Tarị gbọrụb  = I [falling tone]
           
2nd person singular (your):    Mai krama gbọrụbI  [rising tone]
   
3rd person singular (his / her) : Trẹị krama gbọrụb > His =    Her  =  A
   
1st person plural (our) : Tari tọmapụWamịna
          
2nd person plural (your) : Maị krama tọmapụ  = Omịna
   
3rd person plural (their) : Trẹị krama tọmapụ  = Ina
 
 
When used as Object
1st person singular (mine) :  Tarị gbọrụb  =  Inye  [falling tone]
 
2nd person singular (yours) :  Mai krama  gbọrụb  = Inye [rising tone]
 
3rd person singular (his / hers) :  Trẹị krama tọmapụ >
                                                         His = Onye    Hers  = Anye
 
1st person plural (ours) : Tarị tọmapụ  =  Wamịnanye
 
2nd person plural (yours) : Maị krama tọmapụ  = Omịnanye
 
3rd person plural (theirs) :  Trẹị krama tọmapụ = Inanye
 
 
 
REFLEXIVE  PRONOUNS
1st person singular (myself) : Tarị gbọrụb  = I b or A b'rana  or Yẹrị b'rana
                 
     NB:   [ I bu  ]  is used as an object
                  e.g  I have wounded myself = A ye kẹ I bụ lama tẹẹ
                  e.g  I give myself to you  =   Ar' I bụ kẹ I p'riar'
    
    NB:   [ Yẹrị b'rana ] and [ A b'rana ]  are used as  subjects
                 
2nd person singular (yourself) : Maị krama gbọrụb = I bụ or I b'rana or  Iyẹrị b'rana
    
3rd person singular (himself / herself) : Trẹị krama gbọrụb >
                                                        Himself = O b or  Ori b'rana
                                                        Herself = A b or  Arị b'rana
    
1st person plural (ourselves) Tarị tọmapụ = Wamịna b or  Wamịnị b'rana
     
2nd person plural (yourselves) : Maị Krama tọmapụ = Omịna b or Omịnị b'rana
    
3rd person plural (themselves) : Trẹị krama tọmapụ = Ina b or  Ini b'rana
    
 
RELATIVE  PRONOUNS
A relative pronoun points to or comes before a noun or pronoun.
They are :     
who   
whom    
whose     
what    
which     
that
e.g  This is the man who helped me.   
Here the word  'who'  is related to the noun  'man'  which comes before it. 
 
NB:  In the Kalabari language, these 6 forms can be translated differently as: bee, maa, yee, tẹ depending on the noun. 
 
 
INDEFINITE  PRONOUNS

a / an                     

all

anybody

each other

every time

everybody    

everything

everytime      

few times  

most times

no time   

nobody             

nothing

one another        

one thing           

some

somebody

something               

sometime  

 

DEMONSTRATIVE  PRONOUNS
here
there
this
that
these
those

              

 

INTERROGATIVE  PRONOUNS
who        
whom      
whose    
what  
which
how       
when  
where 
why
 
Please see Kalabari Dictionary for the translations of these Indefinite,Demonstrative and Interrogative pronouns >> Click  
 
See more on Pronoun Usage  >

 

Home 

Study List  

 Personification  

 Verbs  

KB