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kalabarinabibi
Pronouns

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Pronoun is a Part of Speech

PRONOUN  = Puronawun
Puronawun anee tomi ke ere kiri dimate ke tombo, aniania ye, aniania ama sinari ye.
 
THINGS TO STUDY
1. Personal Pronouns     2. Possessive Pronouns      3. Reflexive Pronouns   
4. Demonstrative Pronouns    5. Relative Pronouns   6. Indefinite Pronouns
7. Interrogative Pronouns
 
1. PERSONAL PRONOUNS
a. When used as Subject
    Tari gborubo (1st person singular) :  I (+am...) = Yeri        I (+have...) = A
             e.g  I am a Nigerian  = Yeri Naijiriabebo          I have come back = A pikimabote
    
    Mai krama gborubo (2snd person singular) :  You (+are...) = Iyeri    You ( +have...) = I
                                                                                      
    Trei krama gborubo (3rd person singular) :   He (+is...) = Ori     He ( + has...) = O
                                                                                     She ( +is...) = Ari   She ( + has...) = A
    Tari tomapu ( 1st person plural) : We ( +are...) = Wamini         We (+have...) = Wa
    Mai krama tomapu ( 2nd person plural) : You (+are...) = Omini      You (+have...) = O
    Trei krama tomapu ( 3rd person plural) : They (+are...) = Ini         They (+have...) = In
 
b. When used as Object
    Tari gborubo (1st person singular) :  me  =  I     [falling tone]
               e.g Give me that spoon = Ani ingaji me ke I p'ri
    
    Mai krama gborubo (2nd person singular) :  You  = I  [rising tone]
    Trei krama gborubo (3rdperson singular)  :  Him = O [ falling tone]    Her  = A [ same]
              e.g  Take it to him = Ani ke mu O  p'ri       Go and tell her = Mu duko A p'ri
    Tari tomapu  (1st person plural) :  Us  = Wa
    Mai krama tomapu ( 2nd person plural ) :  You  = O [ rising tone]
    Trei krama tomapu ( 3rd person plural) : Them = Ini,  In
 
2 POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
a. When used as Subject
    Tari gborubo (1st person singular) : My  = I [ falling tone]
            e.g This is my father  =  Mee I  da
    Mai krama gborubo ( 2nd person singular) Your =  [ rising tone ]
    Trei krama gborubo ( 3rd person singular) His =      Her  =  A
    Tari tomapu ( 1st person plural) : Our =  Wamina
             e.g Our Father who art in heaven  = Wamina Dabo so bio simeari bo
 
    Mai krama tomapu (2nd person plural)  :  Your = Omina
    Trei krama tomapu ( 3rd person plural) : Their = Ina
 
b. When used as Object
    Tari gborubo (1st person singular) Mine =  Inye  [ falling tone]
    Mai krama  gborubo (2ndperson singular) Yours  =  Inye [ rising tone]
    Trei krama tomapu ( 3rd person singular) : His = Onye     Hers  = Anye
    Tari tomapu ( 1st person plural ) : Ours  =  Waminaye
    Mai krama tomapu ( 2nd person plural ) Yours = Ominaye
    Trei krama tomapu ( 3rd person plural ) : Theirs = Inaye
 
3. REFLEXIVE  PRONOUNS
    Tari gborubo (1st person singular) Myself  = I bu   or  A b'rana  /   Yeri b'rana
                 
     NB:   [ I bu  ]    is used as an object
                  e.g  I have wounded myself = A ye ke I bu lamate
                  e.g  I give myself to you  =   Ar' I bu ke I p'rim
    
    NB:   [ Yeri b'rana ]    [ A b'rana ]    are used as  subjects
                 
     Mai krama gborubo  (2nd person singular) Yourself  =  I bu  or ...
     Trei krama gborubo ( 3rd person singular) : Himself = O bu or ...   Herself = A bu or..
     Tari tomapu ( 1st person plural ) : Ourselves = Wamina bu or...
     Mai Krama tomapu ( 2nd person plural ) : Yourselves = Omina bu   or   Omini b'rana
     Trei krama tomapu ( 3rd person plural) : Themselves = Ina bu   or   Ini b'rana
    
4. DEMONSTRATIVE  PRONOUNS
here =    mianga  or  munju
there =   anianga  or  aniju
this =    mieme  or  mi
that =   aneme  or  an
these =  mina
those =   ani
 
5. RELATIVE  PRONOUNS
A relative pronoun points to or comes before a noun or pronoun.
They are :      who    whom     whose      what     which      that
                e.g  This is the man who helped.     Here the word  ' who'  is related to the noun  ' man '  which comes before it.  NB:  In the Kalabari language, these 6 forms are translated differently from their meanings as Interrogative Pronouns.   They are all translated as  [  te ]; t   here are exemptions.
                e.g This is the man who helped  =  Mee ani owibo be te b'rasua I p'ri bo ( be)
                       He does that which he likes  =  Aneme te O bele ye anee O mieari
 
6. INDEFINITE  PRONOUNS
anybody ==   bebo bebo            a / an ==   gboru                    all = animgba
everybody ==  weni mamgba   everything =   yegoyegoye /  yemamgba
each other == jumo jumo          every time saki mamgba 
everytime == sakimamgba       few times == bowa saki      most times ==toma saki
nobody gborubo so                no time =   gborusaki so     nothing = gberiye so
one another == jumo jumo        one thing == gberiye           somebody kini   
sometime =   ja saki                   something = ye                     some == ja
 
              
7. INTERROGATIVE  PRONOUNS
     who?   =   tubo      whom? = tubo       whose? = tub    what? = tiye     which? = to
      how? = tobra         when? = to saki    where? = to anga   why? = tiye gote   
 
 

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